Aesthetics & Style
Analogue Distribution of Digital Films
Day and Date Distribution
Some Day and Date Numbers So Far
Against Day and Date
For Day and Date
Forms of Piracy
What is Piracy
New forms of Exhibition
What are the
different types of Piracy?
many differing forms of piracy and they each work differently but ultimately all
contribute to the epidemic that is piracy. The forms of piracy discussed here
are internet piracy, optical disc
movie ripping methods,
Piracy (HYPERLINK to
downloading or distribution of unauthorized copies of movies, television,
music, games and software programs via the Internet.
downloads occur in many forms including file sharing networks, pirate servers,
websites and hacked computers.
- Each file
posted on the Internet can result in millions of downloads.
pirates also use the Internet to sell illegally duplicated DVDs through
auctions and websites.
Avalanche of Internet Piracy.
primary source of newly released pirated movies comes from thieves who camcord
films in theaters.
recorded movies are then sold to individuals who distribute them around the
world through computer servers known as “Topsites.”
extraordinary speed and power of a Topsite triggers the avalanche that is
global Internet piracy.
to to view a short presentation on the Global Avalanche of Piracy.
(p2p) file-sharing services
A network that enables
computers to connect directly to each other in order to distribute, trade and
Examples of P2P services:
eDonkey, Kazaa, Limewire and DirectConnect.
These programs can turn your
computer into a directory and distributor of an unlimited variety of illegal
material, viruses and worms.
piracy (HYPERLINK to
illegal manufacturing, sale, distribution or trading of copies of motion
pictures in digital disc formats including DVD, DVD-R, CD, CD-R and VCD.
They are sold
on websites, online auction sites, via e-mail solicitation and by street
vendors and flea markets around the world.
Much like downloadable media, the pirated motion pictures in hard goods format
are typically poor quality video camera recordings.
The low cost
of disc burning hardware and blank discs has led to the proliferation of DVD-R
and CD-R burner labs.
Movie ripping methods
- A copy
made in a cinema using a camcorder, possibly mounted on a tripod.
source is the camera microphone.
- Cam rips
can appear online fast, after first preview, or premiere of the film, but the
quality is always quite horrible.
- A copy
made in a cinema using a camcorder mounted on a
Synchronized with a secondary audio recording, either done with a professional
microphone in an empty cinema, fed directly from the cinema's sound system, or
captured from an
transmission intended for hearing-impaired customers.
- Often, a
‘Cam rip’ is mislabeled as a telesync. Telesync usually has certain angle in
the image, because the camera is below and possibly off from the center of the
- A final
retail version of a film, typically released before it is available outside
after one "release group" releases a high-quality DVD-Rip, the "race" to
release that film will stop.
of their high quality, DVD-Rips generally replace any earlier copies that may
already have been circulating.
- Early DVD
or VHS releases of the theatrical version of a film, typically sent to movie
Academy members, and
executives for review purposes.
screener normally has a message overlaid on its picture, with wording similar
to: "The film you are watching is a promotional copy, if you purchased this
film at a retail store please contact 1-800-NO-COPIES to report it."
from this, some movie studios release their screeners with a number of scenes
of varying duration shown in
from this message, and the occasional B&W scenes, screeners are normally of
only slightly lower quality than a retail DVD-Rip, due to the smaller
investment in DVD mastering for the limited run.
stream rip is a rip that is captured from a digital source stream, such as a
- With HDTV
source, the quality can sometimes even surpass DVD.
- Movies in
this format are rare, as this source is used for primarily for TV show
- A copy
captured from a film print using a machine that transfers the movie from its
analog reel to digital format.
- Were rare
because the telecine machine for making these prints is very costly and very
large, however, recently they have become much more common.
is basically same quality as DVD, since the technique is same as digitizing
the actual film to DVD, but the result is inferior, since the source material
is usually lower quality copy reel.
machines usually cause a slight left-right jitter in the picture, and the
color levels are inferior compared to DVD.
- A copy
made from an unfinished version of a film produced by the studio.
missing effects overlays, and may not be identical to its theatrical release.
workprints have a time index marker running in a corner or on the top edge;
some may also include a watermark.
Print Theft (HYPERLINK to
an actual film print (35 or 16 mm) from a theater, film depot, courier service
or other industry-related facility for the purpose of making illegal copies.
the pirate to make a relatively high quality videotape from the theatrical
print, which then serves as the master for the duplication of unauthorized
Extremely rare due to the difficulty in obtaining the prints illegally and also
in transferring the print to another format, such as videocassettes.
Illegally tapping into cable TV systems as well as receiving satellite signals.
also supply consumers with illegal cable decoders or satellite descramblers.
Internationally, the problem becomes more acute when programs not licensed to
a particular country are pirated from satellites and then re-transmitted in
that country either by cable or broadcast TV.
Over-the-air broadcasts like signal theft.
instead of stealing signals, the illegal act may be the on-air broadcasting of
films or television programs without permission from the copyright holder.
Unauthorized public performances where an institution or commercial
establishment shows a tape or film to its members or customers without receiving
permission from the copyright owner.
importation of goods authorized for manufacture or distribution in the
exporting country but imported without authority of the copyright or trademark
owner. (Parallel Importation may or may not be lawful under local laws).
The illegal duplication,
distribution, rental or sale of copyrighted videocassettes.
In recent years, the MPAA/MPA
shifted its investigative focus onto the illicit duplicating facilities or
"laboratories" that are set-up to create and distribute pirated
videocassettes, producing hundreds of thousands of illegal videocassette
copies each year which are distributed to a variety of outlets including swap
meets, co-operating video dealers and street vendors. The pirate product is
often packaged in counterfeit videocassette boxes that resemble legitimate
A "back-to-back" copy is a pirate videocassette made by connecting two VCRs and
then copying an original video onto a blank cassette.