Feral Pigeon [Columba livia ]
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 Feral Pigeon (Columba livia )
Feral Pigeon [Columba livia]
Common Name Feral Pigeon
Scientific Name Columba livia
Order Columbiformes
Family Columbidae
Genus Columba
Species C. livia
Length 32–37 cm long
Wingspan 64–72 cm wingspan
Description The Rock Pigeon has a restricted natural resident range in western and southern Europe, North Africa, and into southwest Asia. Its habitat is natural cliffs, usually on coasts.

Its domesticated form, the feral pigeon, has been widely introduced elsewhere, and is common, especially in cities, over much of the world.

A Rock Pigeon's life span is anywhere from 3–5 years in the wild to 15 years in captivity.

Identification The head and neck of the mature bird are a darker blue-grey than the back and wings; the lower back is white. The green and lilac or purple patch on the side of the neck is larger than that of the Stock Dove, and the tail is more distinctly banded. Young birds show little lustre and are duller. Eye color of the pigeon is generally an orange color but a few pigeons may have white-grey eyes. The eyelids are orange in color and are encapsulated in a grey-white eye ring. Feet are red to pink in color.

When circling overhead, the white under wing of the bird becomes conspicuous. Although it is a relatively strong flier, it also glides frequently, holding its wings in a very pronounced V shape as it does.

Nesting The nest is usually on a ledge in a cave; it is a slight structure of grass, heather, or seaweed. Like most pigeons it lays two white eggs. The eggs are incubated by both parents for about 18 days.

The nestling has pale yellow down and a flesh-coloured bill with a dark band. It is tended and fed on "crop milk" like other doves. The fledging period is 30 days.

Feeding
Information updated by Shah Jahan
 Common Name(s)
Language Name Submitted by Submitted on
Arabictsiya02/Apr/2008
tsiya02/Apr/2008
tsiya02/Apr/2008
tsiya02/Apr/2008
EnglishDomestic PigeonShah Jahan26/Jul/2007
Feral PigeonShah Jahan21/Jul/2007
Rock DoveTrevor Hardaker26/Aug/2007
Rock Pigeon Shah Jahan26/Jul/2007
LatinColumba liviaShah Jahan21/Jul/2007
SinhalesePodhu ParaviyaShah Jahan03/Aug/2007
 Fact(s)
Fact Submitted by Submitted on
 Gallery
Feral Pigeon[Columba livia] by tsiyaPhotographer: tsiya
Location:
Date Taken: 02/Apr/2008
Upload On: 02/Apr/2008
Rating: ******
Photographer: Shah JahanFeral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Shah Jahan
Location: Muthurajawela
Date Taken: 21/Mar/2008
Upload On: 25/Mar/2008
Rating: ******
Feral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Vishvajit JuikarPhotographer: Vishvajit Juikar
Location: Bangalore, India
Date Taken: 21/Oct/2007
Upload On: 29/Feb/2008
Rating: ******
Photographer: Shah JahanFeral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Shah Jahan
Location: Shabia Khaleefa, Abu Dhabi
Date Taken: 13/Feb/2008
Upload On: 13/Feb/2008
Rating: ******
Feral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Vishvajit JuikarPhotographer: Vishvajit Juikar
Location: Pen-Raigad (maharashtra)
Date Taken: 03/Mar/2007
Upload On: 10/Feb/2008
Rating: ******
Photographer: Vishvajit JuikarFeral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Vishvajit Juikar
Location: Bandipur forest, karnataka
Date Taken: 27/Sep/2007
Upload On: 27/Jan/2008
Rating: ******
Feral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Shah JahanPhotographer: Shah Jahan
Location: Shabia Khaleefa
Date Taken: 21/Jan/2008
Upload On: 21/Jan/2008
Rating: ******
Photographer: PRANAVFeral Pigeon[Columba livia] by PRANAV
Location: Al Watbha North
Date Taken: 27/Dec/2007
Upload On: 02/Jan/2008
Rating: ******
Feral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Al And Elaine WilsonPhotographer: Al And Elaine Wilson
Location: Reifel Migratory Bird Sanctuary, Ladner, British Columbia
Date Taken: 07/Dec/2007
Upload On: 07/Dec/2007
Rating: ******
Photographer: Al And Elaine WilsonFeral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Al And Elaine Wilson
Location: White Rock, British Columbia
Date Taken: 06/Dec/2007
Upload On: 06/Dec/2007
Rating: ******
Feral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Shah JahanPhotographer: Shah Jahan
Location: Muscat Town
Date Taken: 05/Dec/2007
Upload On: 05/Dec/2007
Rating: ******
Photographer: J.M. GargFeral Pigeon[Columba livia] by J.M. Garg
Location: Kolkata, West Bengal
Date Taken: 15/Nov/2007
Upload On: 15/Nov/2007
Rating: ******
Feral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Shah JahanPhotographer: Shah Jahan
Location: Abu Dhabi City
Date Taken: 29/Sep/2007
Upload On: 29/Sep/2007
Rating: ******
Photographer: Trevor HardakerFeral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Trevor Hardaker
Location: Pinelands
Date Taken: 26/Aug/2007
Upload On: 26/Aug/2007
Rating: ******
Feral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Nickolay TilcheffPhotographer: Nickolay Tilcheff
Location: Sydney
Date Taken: 16/Aug/2007
Upload On: 16/Aug/2007
Rating: ******
Photographer: Nickolay TilcheffFeral Pigeon[Columba livia] by Nickolay Tilcheff
Location: Melbourne
Date Taken: 16/Aug/2007
Upload On: 16/Aug/2007
Rating: ******
Feral Pigeon[Columba livia] by IvanPhotographer: Ivan
Location: Feral Pigeon
Date Taken: 24/Jun/2007
Upload On: 24/Jun/2007
Rating: ******
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