Autonomous Republic of Crimea
 
Zaporizhzhya region (oblast) information card

Autonomous Republic of Crimea - Information card

 

utonomous Republic of Crimea

The Capital is the city of Symferepol

 

History

 

Relations between Naddnipryanshchyna and the Crimea have a long history. In X-XI century the Eastern Crimea (Tmoutarakane princedom) maintained political and commercial relations with Kyivska Rus.

In XIII century Baty Horde invaded the Crimea and became an ulus of the Golden Horde. After its collapse the Crimean khanate was formed (1443-1783) which in 1475?1774 got in vassal dependence from Turkey.

In XVI-XVII it was heroic of Zaporozki Cossacks to struggled against Turkish-Tatar invaders. At the time of Turkish-Tatar aggression about 2 million of Ukrainian recruits had been taken out to the Crimea and assimilated with the local population. In 1783 the Crimea was included in structure of Russia, in 1797 it was a part of Novorossiysk province, since 1802 - of Tavriyska.

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Political division

 

The Autonomous Republic of Crimea is divided into 14 administrative regions: Bakhchyssaray, Bilogorsky, Dzhankoysky, Kirovsky, Krasnogvardiysky, Krasnoperekopsky, Leninsky, Nyzhnyogorsky, Pervomaysky, Razdolnensky, Saky, Simferopol, Sovetsky, Chernomorsky.

 

Authority

 

The Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea is the representative body of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea adopts decisions and resolutions that are mandatory for execution in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea is the government of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea. The Head of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea is appointed to office and dismissed from office by the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea with the consent of the President of Ukraine. The authority, the procedure for the formation and operation of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and of the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, are determined by the Constitution of Ukraine and the laws of Ukraine, and by normative legal acts of the Verkhovna Rada of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on issues ascribed to its competence. In the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, justice is administered by courts that belong to the unified system of courts of Ukraine.

 

Borders

 

The Black Sea and the Azov Sea that belong to the Atlantic Ocean basin wash the territory of the Crimean peninsula. Crimea is situated on the latitude of the Earth distanced equally from the equator and the Northern pole. Crimean area is 27 sqare km. It resembles the rhomb shape. The Tarkhankut peninsula forms the Crimean western coast; the Kerch peninsula forms the eastern coast. At the north the Crimea is adjoined to the Kherson region of Ukraine by the Perecop isthmus. It is 200 km between the north and the south of the peninsula and 325 km between the west and the east. Sea borders surpass in the Crimea, coastline length is about 1000 km.

 

Population

 

General quantity of the population of the region is 2135 thousand of people, density of population 82 people on sq km. There are 16 towns, 56 settlements, 957 villages. The largest cities are Simferopol, Yevpatoriya, Sevastopol, Kerch, Dzhankoy, Feodosiya, Yalta.

 

Economic potential

 

Industry

The most important position in the structure of industrial production of the AR Crimea take food, chemical and oil-chemical fields, mechanical engineering and metal working, fuel industries. In the structure of consumer goods production the volume of food industry constitutes 60 %. In general 291 industry enterprises in the region have independent budget, function 1002 small business enterprises.

Agriculture

The main branches of vegetation production are cereals, vegetable-growing, gardening, wine-making; cattle breeding - dairy cattle, poultry keeping, sheep breeding. In 1999 gross grain yield amounted about 970,0 ths. tons, sugar-beet 0,5 ths. tons, sunflower seeds 49,1 ths. tons, potatoes 229,1 ths. t. It also produced 95,5 ths. t of meat, 423,8 ths. t of milk and 436,2 mln. of eggs. At the beginning of 1999 1388 farming developed in the Crimea.

 

Culture and traditions

 

The network of culture and art organizations of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea includes: 881public libraries of all departments; 712 clubs; 25 museums (with filial branches); 3 concert organizations; 76 schools of aesthetic education; 4 colleges. There are also: Crimean Academic Russian Drama theatre named by Gorky M., Crimean Ukrainian Music theatre, Drama Music theatre of the Crimean Tatars, the State theatre of Chamber music, the Crimean Puppet theatre. The famous museums are: the Crimean Republican museum of local lore, history and economy, the Simferopol Art Gallery, Palace, museum in Livadiya, House - museum of Chehov A.P. (Yalta), House - museum of Voloshin M.A. (Koktebel), Museum of arts of the Crimean Tatars, the Bakhchisaray state historical -cultural reserve, Kerch state historical - cultural reserve, Alupka state natural-park museum, Natural-archeological reserve "Kalos-Limen".

About 3820 historical cultural monuments are situated in the Crimean peninsula (except Sevastopol); there are many ancient cities ruins, for example, the capital of Scythians imperia - Scythian Naples (in Simferopol); antique cities such as: Chersonesos, Pantikapaion, Nimfey, Kerkinitida, Mirmeky, Cimmeric; ancient Byzantine settlements: Gorzouvites, Aluston; the so called " cave cities ": Mangoup, Calais, Eski-Kermen, etc. There are many architectural monuments with the eclectic mixture of the Middle East, Byzantium, Armenia styles what is typical for Crimean premises.

Nature and ecology

 

The Crimean peninsula differs by its diversified natural landscapes. On the north there are steppes; on the south of the peninsula Crimean mountains covered with forests. Crimean mountains form three ridges running from Sevastopol to Feodosiya. The highest of them are in the framework of the Main ridge or Southern ridge. Here is the highest Crimean Ridge with the maximum height - 1545 m (Roman-Cosh).

A climate of northern plain part of Crimea is moderately continental, average temperature of January balances from : -0,1 to -2,9C, of July : from +22,1 to +23,8 C. Southern coast climate is Mediterranean, Average temperature of January reaches +4 , July +24 . Quantity of warmth and humidity refer the Crime to quite favourable regions for agriculture development. In the line of the southern coast of Crimean mountains there is a coastline (from 2 to 5 km) with well known resorts : Yalta, Alupka, Symejiz, Hurzuf, Miskhor, Livadiya, Foros, Alushta. The most favorable bays at the Black Sea coast are Sevastopilska and Balaklavska. 

Contacts

 

Address:

Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea 13 Kirova Avenue, Kyiv, Ukraine 95005

Phones:

tel.: (0652) 27 42 10, 27 61 85

fax: (0652) 24-88-20, 54-42-69

E-mail:

Ud08@tavrida.crimea.ua

URL:

http://www.crimea-portal.gov.ua/

 

 
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